Climate change directly or indirectly affected the agriculture and food industry around the world

Global warming and consequent climate change directly or indirectly affected agriculture and food industry worldwide, Bloomberg reports.

Because of the increase in average temperature in the southern regions it is now hotter, in the northern regions it is warmer, and the areas of plants and animals have shifted. Cold countries are more likely to benefit from this: for example, in Russia in recent years, the yield of wheat has increased noticeably, and in the US state of North Dakota the harvest season has lasted. In Maine - the northernmost in the east of the US - lobster catch reached record levels. Of the grapes grown in the UK, a good wine is now made; in Poland they grow a variety of chardonnay and a variety of pinot noir.

The agency notes that there are more minuses. Firstly, because of the migration of fish to the north, to cooler waters, some of its species are less and less in Eastern Europe. For example, the volumes of cod caught by British fishers and haddock for the traditional dish - fish with French fries fell. They were replaced by squid and anchovies, and cod had to be imported from Iceland, China and Norway.

Secondly, the climate change provokes the multiplication of pests and fungi. Another of the consequences is also the natural disasters affecting crops: floods, drought, fires, frosts and so on. So, coffee makers complain about the invasion of beetles and drought, in Central America and Colombia, cereals suffer from "leaf rust." The production of French wine has fallen to a minimum over the past 60 years due to summer storms in Champagne and spring frosts in Bordeaux. In 2017, the chief American winemaking state of California was caught in fires. In 2016, half of Africa was left without maize due to a drought.

Changes in temperature also affect the taste and quality of foods, primarily coffee, which quickly ripens in the heat, and the aroma does not acquire depth and saturation.
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